Define the term ICT. Describe it with the help of proper examples. | Urdu News

Define the term ICT. Describe it with the help of proper examples.

Introduction and definition of ICT

ICT (Information and Communications Technology):

ICT (information and communications technology is an umbrella term that includes any communication device or application, encompassing: radio, television, cellular phones, computer and network hardware and software, satellite systems and so on, as well as the various services and applications associated with them, such as videoconferencing and distance learning. ICTs are often spoken of in a particular context, such as ICTs in education, health care, or libraries. The term is somewhat more common outside of the United States.

Information:

Information is generally referred to data which can be recorded, organized and interpreted within a context in order to convey meaning, For example “NADRA” (National Database & Registration Authority) is an organization which collects data from people. This data is basically organized or compiled with the help of computers for generating computerized National Identity Cards.

Communication:

Communication is basically the transfer of ideas and messages among people through different system, devices or media such as computer, internet, cell phone, telephone, television or radio etc..: A figure named as “Communication Model” (Figure 1) shows the above basic concept in a clear way:

Cell Phone

Internet

Television

Computer

Radio

Figure 1 : “Communication Model”

Technology:

Technology is generally defined as making, modification, adaptation and usage of tools, techniques, systems or machines for the purpose of solving problems or achieving goals in less time period. After having a brief concept of all these terms individually, ICT can be easily defined as “Any system, product or machine which can receive, store or transmit data/information electronically in digital form”. Personal computers, digital television or internet can be considered the best examples of ICT. It basically revolve around those systems or devices which can easily record and interpret information electronically within a context in order to covey meaning. Its basic purpose is to transfer ideas and messages among people for solving their problems in short time period.

After defining the term Information and Communication Technology, it will be good to briefly describe basic concept of ІСТ.

 Explanation:

According to the European Commission, the importance of ICTs lies · less in the technology itself than in its ability to create greater access to information and communication in underserved populations. Many countries around the world have established organizations for the promotion of ICTs, because it is feared that unless less technologically advanced areas have a chance to catch up, the increasing technological advances in developed nations will only serve to exacerbate the already-existing economic gap between technological “have” and “have not” areas. Internationally, the United Nations actively promotes ICT810 Development (ICT4D) as a means of bridging the digital divide.

‘ICT application’ is a technical term for a standard computer program. Common ICT applications are Word processors, Desktop Publishing (DTP) software, Spreadsheets, Databases and Presentational software. Teachers can made great use of standard ICT applications in their history lessons. The online lessons in this section allow teachers to encourage the development of key ICT skills through the study of history.

Many schools make use of Microsoft Office with a standard set of applications that can be used by all:

Microsoft Word

Word processor Microsoft Publisher

DTP software Microsoft Excel

Spreadsheet Microsoft Access

Database Microsoft PowerPoint

Presentation Telecommunication Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or intelligence of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems. Telecommunication occurs when the exchange of information between communication participants includes the use of technology. It is transmitted either electrically over physical media, such as cables, or via electromagnetic radiation.

Such transmission paths are often divided into communication channels which afford the advantages of multiplexing. Since the Latin term communication is considered the social process of information exchange, the term, telecommunications, is often used in its plural form because it involves many different technologies. Early means of communicating over a distance included visual signals, such as beacons, smoke signals, semaphore telegraphs, signal flags, and optical heliographs.

Example

Other examples of pre-modern long-distance communication included audio messages such as coded drumbeats, lung-blown horns, and loud whistles. 20th and 21st century technologies for long-distance communication usually involve electrical and electromagnetic technologies, such as telegraph, telephone, and teleprompter, networks, radio, microwave transmission, fiber optics, and communications satellites.

IT and ICT are often used interchangeably by those in the computer industry, but these terms are different in definition IT stands for Information Technology and ICT stands for Information Communication Technology.

These are very closely related; but the terms signify two different areas of study or industry. Most simply put, ICT falls under the IT umbrella and refers to the specific area of IT that has to do with communications.

IT (Information Technology)

:

IT is used within texts to be concise. IT refers to the entire information domain, which includes the hardware, software, peripherals, and networking An item falls under the IT umbrella when it is used for the purposes of storing, protecting, retrieving, and processing data electronically. This is a vast field with many different subspecialties, including networking, communications, and software engineering.

IT is an important aspect for businesses and the academic community.

ICT:

ICT is the abbreviation for Information Communication Technology. The term is used mostly within the academic arena to refer to the branch of IT related to digital devices that are used to communicate or interact with digital information. ICT also draws in telephony and media broadcasting. This term is used to describe a very specific area of IT and is more specific than the general idea of networking.

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